The activation date of Berlin Hard Fork was pencilled at block height 12,244,000, or on April 14, following a meeting of Ethereum All Developers on February 19.
Ethereum Building from Istanbul to Berlin
Two independent chains are currently run by Ethereum: Proof-of-Work and Proof-of-Stake.
The end of the Metropolis age will be marked by the Berlin Hard Fork. In the history of Ethereum, it is a critical process carried out in two stages, Byzantine and Constantinople, consisting of several forks, including Atlantis, Istanbul, finally culminating in Berlin.
The Heavy Fork of Berlin
In particular, for the final transition from the inefficiencies but the protection of Proof-of-Work to a staking network during Eth 1.5, the upgrade sets the ball rolling.
The outcome of yesterday’s decision, however, comes in the light of delays and concerns of a crippling hard fork.
This upgrade had previously been expected for June 2020. But it was found that most of the operations of the node depended on the Geth client.
A vulnerability may therefore be crippling, destroying the network. Developers have therefore opted for caution over pace and have now postponed the update to April 14.
Even so, there will be at least four trials prior to deployment before activation. The Berlin Hard Fork ships five Ethereum Improvement Ideas, as James Hancock, organizer of the Ethereum hard forks, laid out in January (EIPs).
James also published a checklist in preparation to assess if each EIP has been integrated with established customers: Geth, Besu, Nethermind, and OpenEthereum.
Some of the modifications implemented by these EIPs include an update on how code is understood by the heart of smart contracting (EVM). Others include upgrades to better gas efficiency and better security against Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks by the Ethereum network.
Under investigation, EIP-1559 is
EIP-1559, meanwhile, is now under consideration as an urgent means of resolving rocketing gas prices, according to GitHub.
The plan forms part of an intervention to tame the rapidly rising gas charges by revising the existing first-auction scheme. A BASE FEE in ETH (that’s destroyed) and a miner tip are added.
Block rewards will be won by the successful mining pool. However, if adopted, as the end-user takes over the driving seat in deciding gas charges, the plan would add more predictability to gas.
On the Eth2 Step 0 Beacon Chain, Ethereum developers are running. More than $6.2 billion of stakeholder assets are now invested in the parallel chain.